Sophia is a national journal published by the Institute for Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LPPM) of the Institut Agama Kristen Negeri (IAKN) Toraja. Before publishing both conceptual / review articles and research articles, Sophia conducts a comprehensive review process guided by publication ethics. The statement made is a publication ethic that explains the ethical guidelines for Sophia publication. Therefore, every party involved in the process of publishing articles in the Sophia Journal, including authors, editor-in-chief, editorial board, reviewers, IT staff, and publishers is based on the code of conduct that has been made in this journal. The publication code of ethics applied to the Sophia is adopted from COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.
The scriptwriter must present an accurate report of the work that has been done and discuss objectively the significance of the research. The underlying data must be accurately included in the manuscript. A manuscript must contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to imitate the work. Reporting of fraud or deliberately providing inaccurate information is unethical and unacceptable behavior.
Originality and Plagiarism
Each author must ensure the authenticity of scientific papers submitted to the Sophia. If the author has used the work and / or words of other people, then the writing of that source must have been cited appropriately. Manuscripts submitted must be ensured that they are free from plagiarism.
Multiple, Redundant, and Concurrent Publications
An author may not publish manuscripts describing the essence of the same research in more than one journal or major publication. Submitting the same manuscript for more than one journal at the same time is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior. If it is found that the author did this, the manuscript will be rejected.
Data Access and Retention
Authors are required to provide raw data related to the manuscript for editorial, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with ALPSP-STM Data and Database Statements), if possible, and should in any case save such data after publication.
Proper recognition of the work of others must always be given. Authors must cite publications that have been influential in determining the work they report on.
Fundamental errors in published articles
If the author finds a significant or inaccurate error in the manuscript that has been submitted, the author must inform the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
Authors should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the reported research. Everyone who has made a significant contribution must be registered as a co-author. Other people or parties who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or registered as contributors. The correspondence writer must ensure that all appropriate authors are listed in the manuscript and that there are no non-conformists, and that all authors have viewed and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to submission for publication.
Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
If the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have an unusual hazard inherent in their use, the author must identify these in the text.
Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
All authors must disclose in their manuscripts any substantive or financial conflicts of interest that may be interpreted to affect the results or interpretation of their manuscripts. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
The Sophia editor is responsible for deciding which submitted articles should be published. The validation of the work and its importance to researchers and readers should always drive this decision. Editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by applicable legal provisions, such as defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. Editors may confer with other editors or peer partners in making these decisions.
Aspects of Justice
Editors at all times evaluate the text for the author's intellectual content regardless of the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, nationality, or political views.
Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Manuscripts must not be shared or discussed with others unless authorized by the editor.
Standard of Objectivity
Reviews must be conducted objectively. Personal criticism from the author is not appropriate. Reviewers must state their views clearly with supporting arguments.
Reviewers should identify relevant published works that have not been cited by the authors. Statements that previously reported observations, derivations, or arguments should be accompanied by relevant citations. Reviewers should also state to the editor any substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscripts under consideration and any other articles published.
Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
Information or ideas obtained in the review process must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should reject manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest as a result of competition, collaboration, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the manuscript.